Quantity: 1 available
264 x 203 mm. 4to. 347-388 pp. [Entire volume included: xii, clxiv, 388 pp.] Light water-stain (sometimes mold) along bottom margin. Quarter calf, boards, spine replaced with dark kozo, simple paper spine label; rubbed. Bookplate of the Bibliotheque de Liancourt. Very good. Chaptal was a constant advocate of France's self-sufficiency and an early enthusiast of the possibility of replacing cane sugar with beet sugar. "In 1811 he was a member of a committee appointed by the First Class of the Institute to examine the possible production of beet sugar. It was not until 1815, when the end of the war permitted the resumption of trade with the West Indies and threatened the ruin of the sugar beet industry, that Chaptal presented a memoir on the subject to the Institute. He was anxious to show that the industry, if efficiently run, could justify itself economically. It was largely due to his efforts, with the later support of Thenard, that this industry continued to function in France." DSB, III, p. 202. Chaptal is known for his leadership in the field of applied chemistry. In 1780 Chaptal was appointed to a specially created chair of chemistry at Montpellier. He came to Paris in 1798 and on November 6, 1800 he became minister of the interior. "For four crucial years in the reconstruction of post-revolutionary France Chaptal held the key post in the government. As minister of the interior he was responsible, through the system of prefects, for the general administration of the whole of France. In particular he was responsible for education, religion, public works, customs and excise, theaters, state factories, palaces and museums, hospitals, and prisons." DSB, III, p. 199. Chaptal made few original contributions to pure chemistry, but he was one of the greatest chemical manufacturers of his age. Included in this volume of the Memoires is an essay by Jean-Baptiste Biot on the laws of the polarization of light, two essays by Pierre-Simon Girard on hydraulic engineering, and summary articles on the past year's developments in physics by Georges Cuvier and mathematics by Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre. OTHER SELECT CONTENTS: Delambre, Notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de M. L'Eveque; Georges Cuvier, Analyse des Travaux de l'Academie Royale des Sciences, pendant l'annee 1816; Simeon-Denis Poisson, Memoire Sur la variation des constants arbitrires, dans les questions de mecanique.; Simeon-Denis Poisson, Memoire sur la Theorie des Ondes; Pierre-Simon Girard, Memoire Sur l'ecoulement lineaire de diverses substances liquides par des tubes capillaires de verre; Jean-Baptiste Biot, Memoire Sur l'utilite des lois de la polarization de la lumiere, pour reconnaÃ®tre l'etat de cristallisation et de combinaison. . .
Title: "Memoire sur le sucre de betterave. Lu Ã la seance de la premiere classe de l'Institut Royal de France, le 23 octobre 1815." In: Memoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences de l'Institute de France. Annee 1816, Tome 1er.
Categories: Applied Chemistry,
Publisher: Paris:, Chez Firmin Didot, 1818.: 1818
lbs: 9.00 lbs
Seller ID: S2493
Keywords: Applied Chemistry