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3 volumes plus an additional book of plates. 8vo. 345; -549; -828; and book of plates:  pp. Illus., color frontis., 36 plates (including folding); plate 1 page with ink rubber stamp number and perforation stamp, all titles with perforation ownership stamp, rubber ink stamp numbers, mainly, on rear paste-down. Gilt-stamped green cloth; extremities rubbed. Ownership ink signature (indiscernible . . .of Andrew Izezesnical[?]) and Burndy bookplate. Very good. The French scholar and cardinal Pierre d'Ailly (1350-1420) is known chiefly for his efforts in healing the Western Schism of the Church. His scientific and philosophical writings are also important. Pierre d'Ailly was born at Compiegne. He spent most of his life in association with the University of Paris, graduating in theology from the College of Navarre in 1380 and becoming master of the college in 1384 and chancellor of the university in 1389. One of the university's chief concerns was the Western Schism (1378-1417), in which rival popes claimed legitimacy. At first D'Ailly supported the Avignon pope Benedict XIII, but he soon became a radical leader of the Conciliar movement. The Conciliarists argued that a general council of the Church is superior to the pope and that therefore a general council could end the schism by choosing a new pope satisfactory to all parties. D'Ailly played a prominent part at the Council of Pisa (1409), which elected a new pope, Alexander V. In 1411 Alexander's successor, John XXIII, made D'Ailly a cardinal. When the rival popes refused to resign, however, the Council of Constance (1414-1418) was called. D'Ailly was an acknowledged leader and effected the decision to have the contending popes abdicate. The council then elected a new pope, Martin V, and the schism was ended. D'Ailly himself was a candidate for the papal throne, but he lost the election because of opposition from France's enemies, England and Burgundy. He retired for safety to Avignon, where he served Martin V. Pierre d'Ailly wrote prolifically. His works on the nature of the Church had the most lasting influence. He developed the theory of conciliarism and the concept that the only infallible body in the Church is the whole of the faithful. These ideas were later shared by the Protestant reformers. He was an advocate of the calendar reform later made by Pope Gregory XII; and, like many important thinkers of his day, he took great interest in astrology, which he felt was consistent with religion. His book on geography, Imago mundi, was read carefully by Columbus, who said that it inspired his voyage of 1492 by suggesting the feasibility of sailing from Spain west to India. D'Ailly also wrote on astronomy, meteorology, mathematics, logic, metaphysics, and psychology. He died in Avignon in 1420.----Encyclopedia of World Biography on Pierre d' Ailly. . ..His written works are numerous (154); some of them have not yet been published. . .. . .In his "Imago mundi" he taught the possibility of reaching the Indies by the West, and in confirmation of his own reasoning he alleged the authority of Aristotle, Pliny, and Seneca. D'Ailly's views were useful to Columbus and encouraged him in his undertaking. [Cf. La d couverte de l'Amerique et Pierre d'Ailly, by Salembier, in "Revuede Lille", 1892, V, 622-641.] Columbus had a copy of the "Imago mundi", on the margin of which he had written many notes with his own hand, and which is still to be seen in the Columbine Library at Seville. In another of Columbus's books, the "Libro de las profecias", are to be found many notes taken from d'Ailly's works on cosmography. Hence Las Casas (Historia de las Indias, vol. I, xi, 89) says that of all "modern" writers d'Ailly exercised the greatest influence on the realization of Columbus's plans. His dissertation on the reformation of the calendar, composed in 1411, and read at the Council of Constance in March, 1417, was later accepted and completed by Gregory XIII. ----Catholic Encyclopedia
Title: Ymago Mundi de Pierre d'AILLY, Cardinal de Cambrai et Chancelier de l'Universite de Paris (1350-1420). texte latin et traduction francaise des quatre traites cosmographiques de d'ailly et des notes marginales de christophe colomb; Etude sur les sources de l'auteur.
Categories: Voyages & Travel,
Publisher: Paris:, Maisonneuve Freres, (1930).: 1930
lbs: 3.00 lbs
Seller ID: BL3259
Keywords: Voyages & Travel