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Portugal Medicine

Portugal Medicine

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1 SANCHES, Antonio Nunes Ribeiro (1688-1783); Benito D. BAILS (1730-1797) [trans.]. Tratado de la Conservación de la Salud de los Pueblos, y Consideraciones Sobre Los Terremotos.
Madrid: Imprenta de. Joachin de Ibarra,1781. 
8vo. xxi, 376 pp. Water-stained throughout (mostly to lower portions of book). Early brown gilt-stamped mottled calf and red gilt-stamped spine label; marbled endpapers, all edges red, binder’s yellow bookmark ribbon, handwritten notes on front free endpaper. Bookplate of Romero & Martinez. Good, though beautifully bound. First Spanish edition printed in Madrid after being originally issued in Paris, 1756. The work was also translated into Portuguese (1757) and translated by the author’s brother into Italian. “Following the great earthquake of Lisbon in 1755, by request of the Portuguese first minister Marquis of Pombal, he wrote the Treaty on Health Conservation of the People, where he explained his theory about earthquakes and made a demonstration how the Lisbon climate had improved since the catastrophe.” – Doria. ¶ Antonio Ribeiro Sanches, born in Penamacor, Portugal, to a Marrano family – being the son of a Jewish father who had converted to Christianity – become a physician, philosopher and encyclopaedist, studied “Arts, Law, Philosophy and probably Medicine” [Doria] at Coimbra (1716-1719) and took his medical degree at Salamanca (1724). As a physician in Lisbon he dealt with the yellow fever epidemic. Later, in 1726, he moved to London (to practice Judaism) and eventually found himself under the direction of Hermann Boerhaave at the University of Leiden. He also attended “the classes of the master, the lectures of Burmann, the chemistry lessons of Gaubius, the anatomy classes of Albino, the physic lessons of Gravesende and the pharmacology of Baron Van Swieten.” [Doria] His success brought him an invitation to the Tsarina of Russia where he stayed from 1731-1747. From the age of 48 till his death he lived in Paris and built a considerable library. A major portion of that collection was donated to St Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences. He was a contributor to Diderot’s Encyclopédie (published 1751-1772). ¶ “Antonio Ribeiro Sanches was born in Portugal in 1699 and died in Paris in 1783. After his medical studies in Salamanca, he practiced for a short while in Portugal. From there, he fled from the Inquisition, never to return. He passed through Italy, England, and France, enrolling afterwards in the University of Leyden to study with Boerhaave. Through this master he was referred to the Russian tsarina to handle important medical functions. He stayed in Russia for more than 16 years, exiled afterwards to Paris, where he lived the last 36 years of his life. He wrote intensely and actively; he kept in contact with the European masters and influenced the cultural environment of his time. In medicine, he is remembered primarily by the studies he developed on venereal diseases (syphilis), and the exchange he established with Chinese medicine; by the reorganization of medical studies in Russia (Moscow and St Petersburg) and at the University of Strasburg. However his main contribution was his role in the reformation of the Portuguese University. In addition, his interests extended into cultural aspects such as the arts, social and commercial issues, politics and religion. Some of his works were included in The Methodical Encyclopaedia by Diderot and in Natural History by Buffon. - Antonio Ribeiro Sanches, Vesalius, VII, 1, 27 - 35, 2001. “Antonio Ribeiro Sanches A Portuguese doctor in 18th century Europe,” by José Luis Doria. 
Price: 350.00 USD
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