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Aether and Matter; a development of the dynamical relations of the aether to material systems on the basis of the Atomic Constitution of Matter..., LARMOR, Sir Joseph (1857-1942).
1 LARMOR, Sir Joseph (1857-1942). Aether and Matter; a development of the dynamical relations of the aether to material systems on the basis of the Atomic Constitution of Matter...
Cambridge: University Press, 1900. 
8vo. xxviii, 365 pp. Half-title, corrigenda, index. Original blind and gilt-stamped maroon cloth; corner bumped, rubbed. Very good. First edition. Larmor, Irish physicist and mathematician, made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics, and the electron theory of matter. H attended the Royal Belfast Academical Institution, continued his education in Belfast, studying for his B.A. and M.A. at Queen’s University, Belfast. In 1877, having graduated from the Queen’s University, he went to St John’s College, Cambridge, where he studied the Mathematical Tripos. In 1880 he graduated as Senior Wrangler (the top First Class student) and he was first Smith’s prizeman. It is interesting to note that J. J. Thomson, who like Larmor would make an important contribution to the understanding of the electron, was Second Wrangler (taking second place in the Mathematical Tripos examinations to Larmor). ¶ Larmor’s most influential work was Aether and Matter, a theoretical physics book published in 1900. His contributions came at a time when there were major revolutions in physics with the passing of classical physics to be replaced by quantum theory and relativity, thus he ‘bridged’ the old and the new physics. “Larmor proposed that the aether could be represented as a homogeneous fluid medium which was perfectly incompressible and elastic. Larmor believed the aether was separate from matter. He united Lord Kelvin’s model of spinning gyrostats … with this theory.” ¶ Buchwald writes, “Between 1873 and 1894 British and American physicists were proponents of a theory which they almost all learned directly from J C Maxwell’s book Treatise on electricity and magnetism (1873). After 1897 only a few among them, including Heaviside, still adhered to that theory. During these three years (1894-97) the most basic principles of Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism were abandoned, and the entire subject was reconstructed on a new foundation - the electron - by Joseph Larmor in consultation with George FitzGerald. ... [He proposed that] the only source of charge is a particle, that the flow of such particles uniquely constitutes the current of conduction, and that the ether must be strictly separated from matter ...” See: J Z Buchwald, The abandonment of Maxwellian electrodynamics: Joseph Larmor’s theory of the electron I: The maturation of a tradition: Maxwellian electrodynamics in the 1880’s, Archives of the International History of Science, vol. 31 (106), (1981), pp. 135-180. Full title: Aether and Matter; a development of the dynamical relations of the aether to material systems on the basis of the Atomic Constitution of Matter. Including a discussion of the influence of the Earth’s motion on optical phenomena. Being an Adams Prize Essay in the University of Cambridge First Edition. 
Price: 350.00 USD
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