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Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy

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1 ABNEY, William de Wiveleslie (1843-1920). The solar spectrum, from [gamma] 7150 to [gamma] 10,000. with: ABNEY & FESTING. "The Bakerian Lecture. - Colour Photometry."
In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Volume 177, Part II, 1886. London: Harrison & Sons, 1887. 1887 
309 x 243 mm. 4to. Pages 457-469; 423-456. [Entire volume: iv, [2], vii, [iii], 361-842 pp.] 3 folding engraved plates; 2 folding lithographic plates. Blind-stamped maroon cloth, gilt spine; rubbed, spine ends frayed, head of spine torn. Ex library bookplate of the Association for the Education of Women, Oxford, Nettleship Library, with chalk number on spine. Good. FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE SOLAR SPECTRUM IN THE INFRARED. "Extending his interests to spectroscopy, Abney was the first to suggest (1877) that stars with rapid axial rotation could be detected by broadened lines in their spectra - an idea later to have wide application. He then devised a red-sensitive emulsion and with it made the first spectroscopic analyses of the structure of organic molecules (1882) and the first photographs of the solar spectrum in the infrared (1887). This was followed by comparative studies of how sunlight is altered in passing through our atmosphere, made at sea level and in the Swiss Alps (1888, 1894)." DSB, I, p. 21. First Edition. 
Price: 250.00 USD
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2 BARR, E. Scott. "Historical survey of the early development of the infrared spectral region." In: American Journal of Physics, Vol. 28, 1960.
(Lancaster, PA): Published for the American Association of Physics Teachers by the American Institute of Physics, 1960. 1960 
268 x 203 mm. 4to. Pages 42-54, [Entire volume: [ii], 838 pp.] 13 figs. Green buckram, gilt spine. Ex library blind-stamp of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Mount Wilson Observatory. Fine. An account of the early history of the infrared spectral region from its discovery by Herschel in 1800 to the first part of the twentieth century. Traces materials and techniques of measurement and control of infrared radiation. 
Price: 100.00 USD
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3 KAYSER, Heinrich Johannes Gustav (1853-1940) & Carl David Tolmé RUNGE (1856-1927). Ueber die Spectra von Zinn, Blei, Arsen, Antimon, Wismuth. with: KAYSER & RUNGE. Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Linien-spectra. with: Johannes Robert RYDBERG (1854-1919). Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Linienspectren.
In: Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Neue Folge, Band 52, No. 5, 1894. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1894. 1894 
222 x 154 mm. 8vo. Pages 93-113; (114)-118; (119)-131. [Entire volume: viii, 792, 50 pp.] Tables, 1 fig.; tables; tables. Quarter cloth, marbled boards, gilt spine. Blind stamp of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Solar Observatory. Fine. In 1885, at the Hannover Technical University, Heinrich Kayser, working with Carl Runge, "began his investigations in the field of spectroscopy. In his Handbuch der Spektroskopie (1900) he described the purpose of his investigations: It is certain that the light is produced by the motions of the molecules or of the particles or of their electrical charges. It was expected that chemical elements would be similar to a certain extent in the structure of their spectra according to their periodic classification. Balmer was the first who derived a real result of regularity in the distribution of the wave numbers of the spectral lines of hydrogen. It was hoped that similar laws would be detected for other elements. "Kayser and Runge began these investigations at about the same time that Rydberg began working along the same lines. Kayser and Runge determined the spectra anew, using a Rowland concave grating, and found the results to be much more reliable from this method; Rydberg evaluated the existing older measurements anew. The investigations showed that for many elements a regular structure could indeed be demonstrated. For the alkali metals (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium), all known spectra lines could be settled at three series described very accurately by equations of the same structure; these formulas were also interrelated. Furthermore, an important relation between the atomic weight and the structure of the spectra was discovered. Kayser and his co-worker learned not only that the spectra of these five related elements were ordered by the same plan, according to the increasing atomic weight. "Kayser and Runge next investigated, with similar results, the alkali earths and also some metals of the groups IB and IIB of the periodic table of elements. The regularity was not so perfect in this case, however. Kayser said that the number of irregular lines grows as one proceeds in the natural system of elements. He emphasized that the formulas he and his associate had found in Hannover, as well as those of Rydberg, were only empirical and far from the discovery, through the structure of the spectra, of the behavior of the atoms. In his criticism of Rydberg, Kayser was always willing to acknowledge the merits of Rydberg's work. From the vantage of today, the work of Rydberg and of Kayser and Runge was indispensable to the atomic theory brought forth twenty-five years later by Rutherford and Bohr. [Emphasis added.] Although Kayser provided the solid experimental foundation for this theory with his experiments - he was the experimenter, Runge the theorist - Rydberg, full of ideas and speculations, was more successful in formulating the spectra equations; hence the name Rydberg constant. Nevertheless, Kayser and Runge's lists of the exact frequencies of many spectral lines guarantee their place in the history of science." [Emphasis added.] DSB, VII, pp. 267-268. 
Price: 450.00 USD
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4 LADENBERG, Albert (1842-1911). Die kosmischen Consequenzen der Spectralanalyse. Rede bei Antritt des Rectorates der Koniglichen Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel am 5 Marz 1884....
Kiel: Schmidt & Klaunig, 1884. 1884 
8vo. 24 pp. Original printed wrappers; extremities chipped, top cover loose. Ex library ms. notations on top cover. Very good. Albert Ladenberg pioneered investigations of organic compounds of silicon and tin and advanced theories on the structure of aromatic compounds, but his chief contributions were the elucidation of the structure of alkaloids and their synthesis. In 1860 Ladenburg studied at Heidelberg, inspired by Bunsen's and Kirchhoff's lectures. DSB, VII, pp. 551-552. 
Price: 40.00 USD
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5 LECOMTE, Jean, b.1898. Le spectre infrarouge.
Paris: Journal de Physique, 1928. 1928 
Series: Recueil des Conférences-Rapports de Documentation sur la Physique, no. 14. 8vo. 468 pp. 189 figs. Gray cloth-backed printed boards. Ex-Carnegie. 
Price: 45.00 USD
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6 LOCKYER, J. Norman. Studien zur Spectralanalyse.
Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 1879. 1879 
Sm. 8vo. x, 231 pp. 8 plates (2 folding, 1 of which is full color), 51 figs., index; frontis. loose. Original cloth-backed German marbled boards; heavily rubbed. Scarce. 
Price: 70.00 USD
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7 MAIER, Clifford Lawrence. The Role of Spectroscopy in the Acceptance of the Internally Structured Atom 1860-1920.
New York: Arno Press, 1981. 1981 040513858X / 9780405138584 
Facsimile of Univ. of Wisconsin 1964 dissertation. 8vo. xiv, 601 pp. Figs. Beige/tan cloth stamped in red. Fine. See: Frederick Suppe (ed.), The Structure of Scientific Theories, 1977, "Scientific Theories and Their Domains," by Dudley Shapere, p. 543. ISBN 040513858X 
Price: 40.00 USD
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8 PASCHEN, Louis Carl Heinrich Friedrich (1865-1947). "Ueber die Emission der Gase." with: "Notiz über die Gültigkeit des Kirchhoff'schen Gesetzes von der Emission." with: PRINGSHEIM, Ernst (1850-1941). "Bemerkungen zu Hrn. Paschen's Abhandlung 'Ueber die Emission erhitzter Gase.'"
In: Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Neue Folge, Vol. 51, 1894. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth (Arthur Meiner), 1894. 1894 
8vo. Pages (1)-39; (40)-46; (441)-447. [Entire volume: viii, 760 pp.] 1 fig., 3 tables, 1 fig. on plate I. Quarter cloth, cloth tips, paste-paper over boards, gilt spine. Blind-stamp of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Solar Observatory. Fine. FIRST EDITION. "Friedrich Paschen, 'probably the greatest experimental spectroscopist of his time,' ... investigated the much mooted question of whether heat alone could bring gases to radiate, demonstrating - in contrast with the results of Ernst Pringsheim - the existence of infrared spectral lines produced by merely heating the gas." DSB, X. DSB, X, pp. 345-346; DSB, XI, pp. 148-151. First Edition. 
Price: 200.00 USD
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9 SMYTH, Charles Piazzi (1819-1900). "The solar spectrum in 1877-8; with some idea of its probable temperature of origination." with: "Note on the present outbreak of solar spots." with: "Notice of the completion of the new rock thermometers at the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh, and what they are for." with: "Gaseous spectra in vacuum tubes."
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. X, 1878-1880. Edinburgh: Neill, 1880. 1880 
8vo. Pages 274-275; 554; 710; 711-712. [Entire volume: ix, [1 blank], 781, [1 blank] pp.] Full brown cloth, gilt spine. Very good. FIRST EDITION. Charles Piazzi Smyth charted the spectra of the sun and various luminous gases. Smyth was Regius Professor of Practical Astronomy in the University of Edinburgh and Astronomer-Royal for Scotland. DSB, XII, pp. 498-499. Item 1: Houzeau & Lancaster, II, col. 1061. First Edition. 
Price: 175.00 USD
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