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2 
BABBAGE, Charles (17921871). "On the general principles which regulate the application of machinery to manufactures and the mechanical arts." In: BARLOW, Peter (17761862). A treatise on the manufactures and machinery of Great Britain, by Peter Barlow. To which is prefixed, an introductory view of the principles of manufactures by Charles Babbage. Forming a portion of the EncyclopĂ¦dia Metropolitana. London: Printed for Baldwin and Cradock..., 1836. 1836 296 x 240 mm. Thick 4to. 184 pp. [Entire volume: viii, 834 pp.] Tables, index, 87 engraved steel plates; foxed. Original dark green cloth, printed paper spine label; label lightly chipped, a few minor cover scratches and stains, inner hinges carefully reinforced, neat repair to outer hinge. Partially unopened. Fine. RARE. FIRST SEPARATE EDITION. "From Vol. VII and VIII of the EncyclopĂ¦dia Metropolitana which was published from the 1820s to the 1840s. According to Babbage's own account and those of his most recent biographer and bibliographer, the material by Babbage first appeared in a volume of the EncyclopĂ¦dia published in 1829. Babbage's essay served as the introduction to Barlow's copiously illustrated survey of British manufacturing and was the precursor of his 1832 classic on the economy of the machine. While both Hyman and Van Sinderen refer to the 1829 publication, neither refer to this 1836 separate edition, which is very rare." Norman 28:366. Peter Barlow, mathematician, physicist, and optician, was self trained, but rose to recognition in the highest levels of British scientific circles. He is known for his Essay on the strength of timber and other materials (1817, 6th ed., 1867), An elementary investigation of the theory of numbers (1811, his first work), and A new mathematical and philosophical dictionary (1814). His contributions to the EncyclopĂ¦dia Metropolitana include articles on Geometry, Theory of numbers, Mechanics, Hydrodynamics, Pneumatics, Optics, Astronomy, Magnetism, and Electromagnetism, as well as this large volume on Manufactures. Hyman, Charles Babbage, p. 105. See: Zeitlinger 1848; DNB, I, pp. 776779 (Babbage); 11421144 (Barlow); DSB, I, pp. 354357 (Babbage); pp. 459460 (Barlow).
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3 
BABBAGE, Charles. The Works of Charles Babbage. Edited by Martin CampbellKelly. New York: New York University Press, (1989). 1989 11 Volumes. 8vo. Figs., index. Full gilt stamped blue cloth. FINE. FIRST EDITION. The complete works of this pioneer mathematician and statistician. Babbage is the father of the modern computer, and worked tirelessly on advancing machinery to reduce human involvement. This comprehensive and attractive set includes all of his most celebrated papers on early calculating machines as well as many others that display the breadth of his talent and interests. DSB. First Edition.
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6 
BUSH, Vannevar (18901974). “As we may think” Contained in: The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. CLXXVI, No. 1, July 1945, pp. 1018. Boston: Atlantic Monthly Co., 1945. 4to. 129 pp. Original maroon & gold printed wrappers; small hole on spine (with minor loss), overall some wear, creasing. Six rubberstamped dates on p.1. Generally very good. THE GREATGRANDFATHER OF THE WORLD WIDE WEB. FIRST EDITION. In this article, “As we may think”, Bush introduced the concept of what he called the memex during the 1930s, which is a microfilmbased “device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.” He wanted the memex to behave like the “intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain”; essentially, causing the proposed device to be similar to the functions of a human brain. The important feature of the memex is that it ties two pieces together. Any item can lead to another immediately. After thinking about the potential of augmented memory for several years, Bush set out his thoughts at length in the essay “As We May Think” in The Atlantic Monthly, which was published July of 1945. In the article, Bush predicted that “Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified.” Vannevar Bush was an American engineer and science administrator known for his work on analog computing, his political role in the development of the atomic bomb as a primary organizer of the Manhattan Project, and the idea of the memex, an adjustable microfilmviewer which is somewhat analogous to the structure of the World Wide Web. As Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, Bush coordinated the activities of some six thousand leading American scientists in the application of science to warfare. This halfyear of The Atlantic Monthly covers the period of the end of World War II. In addition to many warrelated articles (chief of which is Einstein on the atomic bomb), there are two chapters of Betty MacDonald’s The egg and I, and Gannett’s article, John Steinbeck: Novelist at work. Norman, Origins of cyberspace 519. First Edition.
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7 
COOLEY, James W. (1926 ) & John W. TUKEY (19152000). An Algorithm for the Machine Calculation of Complex Fourier Series. (Providence, RI): National Academy of SciencesNational Research Council, 1965. 1965 Contained in Mathematics of Computation, Vol. 19, No. 90, pp. 297301. 8vo. pp. 177364. Original printed wrappers bound in. Black cloth, printed paper spine label. Institutional exlib stamp on printed wrapper cover, ownership marks on printed covers. Fine. FIRST EDITION. This important work on the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm, which is an efficient algorithm to compute the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and its inverse. FFTs are of great importance to a wide variety of applications, from digital signal processing and solving partial differential equations to algorithms for quick multiplication of large integers. â€śBy far the most common FFT is the CooleyTukey algorithm. This is a divide and conquer algorithm that recursively breaks down a DFT of any composite size N = N1N2 into many smaller DFTs of sizes N1 and N2, along with O(N) multiplications by complex roots of unity, traditionally called twiddle factors (after Gentleman and Sande, 1966). This method (and the general idea of an FFT) was popularized by a publication of J. W. Cooley and J. W. Tukey in 1965, but it was later discovered that those two authors had independently reinvented an algorithm known to Carl Friedrich Gauss around 1805 (and subsequently rediscovered several times in limited forms). The most wellknown use of the CooleyTukey algorithm is to divide the transform into two pieces of size N / 2 at each step, and is therefore limited to poweroftwo sizes, but any factorization can be used in general (as was known to both Gauss and Cooley/Tukey). These are called the radix2 and mixedradix cases, respectively (and other variants such as the splitradix FFT have their own names as well). Although the basic idea is recursive, most traditional implementations rearrange the algorithm to avoid explicit recursion. Also, because the CooleyTukey algorithm breaks the DFT into smaller DFTs, it can be combined arbitrarily with any other algorithm for the DFT.â€ť [Wikipedia]. Norman, Origins of Cyberspace 548. First Edition.
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8 
DANTZIG, George B. (19142005). â€śMaximization of a linear function of variables subject ti kinear inequalities.â€ť Within: Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation; Proceedings of a Conference. Edited by Tjalling C. Koopmans. In Cooperation with Armen Alchian, George B. Dantzig, Nicholas GeorgescuRoegen, Paul A. Samuelson, Albert W. Tucker. New York: & London: John Wiley & Sons; Chapman & Hall, 1951. 1951 8vo. xiv, 404 pp. Index. Original blue cloth, printed dustjacket. Near fine. RARE. The Father of Linear Programming and the Inventor of the â€śSimplex Methodâ€ť â€śDantzigâ€™s paper, originally written in 1947 but not published until 1951, was a fundamental application of computers to problems of management and economics. Dantzig was one of three founders (together with John von Neumann and Leonid Kantorovich) of linear programming, a mathematical method used for the optimum allocation of scarce resources among competing activities. In 1947 Dantzig discovered that many such allocation problems could be formulated as linear computer problems. He also devised an algorithm, known as the simplex method, which allowed these programs to be performed on a large scale and applied to realworld problems. An algorithm of tremendous power, the simplex method remains a major part of most operations research applications.â€ť [Hook, Norman, & Williams]. â€ś[In] Washington, ... he became a mathematical advisor at the Defense Department, charged with mechanizing the planning process. Based partly on his earlier work with aircraft supply flow, he worked out the simplex algorithm.â€ť [Washington Post]. Holly, Joe, â€śVanguard Mathematician George Dantzig Dies,â€ť Washington Post, May 19, 2005; Hook, Norman, & Williams, Origins of Cyberspace, 2002, p. 49.
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350.00 USD

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13 
ROBINSON, Enders A. Random Wavelets and Cybernetic Systems. London: Charles Griffin, (1962). 1962 Series: Griffinâ€™s Statistical Monographs & Courses, No. 9. 8vo. x, 125 pp. Figs., index; light foxing. Printed wrappers. Very good. INKED PRESENTATION INSCRIPTION BY THE AUTHOR TO DAVID MIDDLETON. Provenance: David Middleton (b. 1920) is a consulting physicist, applied mathematician, educator and author who is an internationally recognized pioneer in statistical communication theory, a field in which he has been active for more than fifty years. He is author of Topics in Communication Theory (1965â€“1967, 1987) and more than 160 papers. Later, Dr. Middleton served as Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Rhode Island. [Biography, Introduction to Statistical Communication Theory (IEEE Classics Reissue, 1996)].
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