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Teratology

Teratology

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1 BELLONI, Luigi. II mito degli Acefali. Estratto dalla “Rivista Cuba”, anno IV, no. 23, pagg. 761-764.
Milano: [no pub.], 1950. 
234 x 165 mm. 8vo. 15 pp. 5 figs.; extremities yellowed. Printed wrappers; back spine extremity yellowed, ink label in upper corner. Very good. 
Price: 15.00 USD
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2 BELLONI, Luigi. L’Ischiopago Tripode Trecentesco dello Spedale Fiorentino di Santa Maria della Scala.
Firenze: Leo S. Olschki, 1950. 
Series: Estratto dalla ‘Rivista di Storia delle Scienze Mediche e Naturali’, vol. 41, no. 1. 240 x 167 mm. 8vo. 14 pp. 5 figs., bibliog.; extremities lightly browned. Printed wrappers; ink label in upper corner. Very good. 
Price: 18.00 USD
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3 GUÉRIN, Jules-René G. (1801-1886) OEvres du Docteur Jules Guérin. Tome Premier [and Atlas; all published]. (Recherches sur les Difformités Congénitales chez les Monstres, le Foetus et l'Enfant.)
Paris: Au Bureau de la Publication, 1 0-1882 978x801880420 hardcover 11 
Paris:: Au Bureau de la Publication, 1. 0-1882. hardcover. 11. Thick 8vo with ATLAS volume. 807, [ads.] 16 pp. (Text vol.) Figs.; lightly foxed throughout, pages unopened. (Atlas vol.) 28 engraved plates of deformities in children, fetuses, and animals with detailed descriptions; corner torn (p. 1), plate III lower margin a tad worn (engraving unaffected). Atlas vol. neatly rebacked preserving original blind stamped brown cloth boards, new gilt spine; extremities rubbed, corners showing. Text vol. full original gilt & blind stamped maroon cloth; short tears to spine ends neatly repaired. Very good. EXTREMELY RARE. . FIRST EDITION. Fascinating study of deformity with beautifully illustrated atlas volume. A detailed study of deformity and monsters by the French surgeon Guérin. The author had an idea that neuro-muscular contraction was the cause of these deformities. The engraved plates in the atlas are expertly drawn by the artist Berthiau, and graphically depict the deformities described. Guérin is best remembered for this work, though at the age of 80, he also "challenged [Louis] Pasteur to a duel over remarks Pasteur had made concerning preparation of an antirabies vaccine (1880), an occurrence that reflects intolerance of and resistance to innovative ideas." Wangensteen, The Rise of Surgery, p. 420. While there is a plan published for a continuing series of volumes for this proposed collected works of the author, no further volumes are known to exist. Hirsch, II, p. 689. Not in: Brunet, Garrison and Morton, Poggendorff, Osler, & Waller. First Edition. 
Price: 1500.00 USD
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4 HALLER, Albrecht von (1708-1777). Opera Minora; emendata, aucta, et renovata. I: Anatomica; Ad Partes Corporis Humani, vitales, animales, naturales; II: Operum Anatomici Argumenti Minorum. … III: Operum Anatomici …
Lausannæ: Francisci Grasset, 1763-1768. 
Three volumes (vol. II in 2 parts) [complete]. 4to. xxii, [2], 311, [6], 312-608; vi, v-ii, 607, [1]; [2], 388 pp. Title printed in red and black, title vignettes, engraved decorations, (additional original title “Tomus Secundus pars prima” folded and inserted in Vol. III), 36 folding plates, 1 folding table (vol. I: 12 folding plates, numbered I-XII; vol. II: 1 folding table facing p. 584 and 6 folding plates, numbered I-V, with 4ta included; vol.. III: 17 folding plates numbered VII-XXII, with pl. IXa+IXb), errata, indexes, decorative headpiece and a few tail-pieces (vols. I and II); occasional foxing or browning, first few preliminaries of vol. III at bottom gutter margin a bit torn. Original half calf over brown boards, all edges marbled; heavily worn, joints broken or cracked (covers loose). Bookplates of George Sumner Huntington and Columbia University Libraries; bookseller labels of Paul B. Hoeber and A.E. Foote, M.D., Philadelphia. “As is” binding, though internally very good. First edition. There are two issues of this work, one with a double medallion on the title of vol. I and the other with a single vignette, as with the present copy. Some copies were issued with a general title with Haller’s portrait included, dated 1762 (not with this copy). Complete copies are illustrated with 36 detailed copperplate engravings. This pioneering work marks the beginning of scientific teratology (see the third vol.). The entire work is a compilation of papers written by Haller from the period 1730-50s now revised for this collected work. ¶ “Haller’s investigations of monsters and deformities led him to observations from which he was later able to make significant generalizations.” Included in this study was work on premature twins who were joined at the chest and upper abdomen. The twins shared the liver, spleen, diaphragm and heart, with all other organs independent. “Most important, each had a separate nervous systen and was therefore theoretically capable of expressing his own will …” Haller deduced that the “anima did not reside in the blood as had been thought previously.” – DSB (VI, p. 62). ¶“With the many scientific corrections which Haller was able to present to anatomists, owing to his exact investigations and to his studies under Albinus, he was bound to make pictorial representations of anatomic preparations the main object of his care. His illustrations are therefore very numerous. They are very clear, vivid, highly exact, and artistic. The greater part of them had been scattered through his many writings and these were later collected by Haller himself under the title Opera minora… Haller himself esteemed this work and his Icones….as among his best productions.” – Choulant, History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration, p. 289). ¶ Haller first described hermaphrodites in 1751 (Da Costa mentions, Hermaphroditis Lecta die 23 aprilis in primo regiae societatis conventu. In Commentarii societatis regiae scientiarum Gottingensi. 1:1?26, 1752). His “Hermaphroditi Commentarius” appears in this collected edition [vol. II, pp. 9-30]. “In this work, von Haller analyses various cases of hermaphroditism in animals and humans and, whenever possible, makes use of anatomical dissections. He admits that most of the so-called human hermaphrodites are in fact men or women with some kind of genital deformations. He considers, nevertheless, that although rare, it is possible to find more extreme cases of sexual ambiguity.”… “On the question of the existence of true hermaphrodites, in accordance with the view he had presented in his previous dissertation on the subject, van Haller does not straightforwardly [Fontes] da Costa, Anatomical Expertise and the Hermaphroditic Body, [2007], 83, deny their existence (360). He admits only that it would be difficult for such occurrences to exist. He remarks, however, that it seems almost inevitable that one of the two sexes (or both) would be defective and hence that if true hermaphrodites do exist, they can only be imperfect.” – Palmira Fontes Da Costa, “Albrecht von Haller and the Debate on the Existence of Human Hermaphrodites,” Portuguese Journal of Philosophy, 01/2010; vol. 41, p. 82. ¶ Garrison and Morton states of the third volume: “Reprints and updates Haller’s earlier essays on various malformations. This work marks the beginning of scientific teratology, placing it on a foundation of sound anatomical description.” Provenance: George Sumner Huntington (1861-1927) was a medical doctor and scholar of comparative anatomy. He graduated from Columbia College in 1884 and was professor of anatomy at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons for over 35 years. A.E. Foote, M.D. (1846-1895), Albert Edward Foote, was born in Hamilton, Madison County, New York. He graduated from Courtland Academy in Homer, New York. “Foote obtained his medical degree in 1867 from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. In 1870, after teaching for three years at Ann Arbor, he took a position as Assistant Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy at Iowa State Agricultural College, was promoted to Full Professor in 1871, and married Augusta Matthews in January of 1872.” He became immersed in the business of mineralogy and collecting the same. “In 1875 he moved to Philadelphia and set up practice there as a physician, mineralogist, and seller of medical and other scientific books.” “…Foote died of a chronic tuberculosis infection on October 10, 1895, at the young age of 49, having built one of the largest and most successful mineral dealerships in history, and boasting ‘the largest stock of minerals in the world.’” – See: Curtis Schuh, The Mineralogical Record, Inc. REFERENCES: Blake, NLM, 196; Nellie B. Eales, Cole Library, I, 1417; Hubert Steinke; Claudia Profos; Pia Burkhalter, Bibliographia Halleriana, Verzeichnis der Schriften von und über Albrecht v. Haller 0336; Bibliotheca Osleriana 1156; Choulant, History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration, p. 289-291; Garrison and Morton 534.54; Heirs of Hippocrates 889; Lundsgaard 460; John Neu, Chemical, Medical and Pharmaceutical Books Printed Before 1800, 1826; Waller 4014 (vols. 1+2 only); Wellcome III, p. 199. Full title: Opera Minora; emendata, aucta, et renovata. I: Anatomica; Ad Partes Corporis Humani, vitales, animales, naturales; II: Operum Anatomici Argumenti Minorum. Ad Generationem. III: Operum Anatomici Argumenti Minorum, Opuscula Pathologica. First Edition. 
Price: 1500.00 USD
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5 WELCKER, Hermann (1822-1897). Ueber zwei seltnere Difformitäten des mensehlichen Schädels, Scaphocephalus und Trigonocephalus, und über die Frage nach dem zwischen Hirngrösse und geistiger Begabung bestehenden Wechselverhältnisse.
Halle: H. W. Schmidt, 1863. 
Offprint from: Abhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Halle, Band VII. 290 x 237 mm. 4to. 19 pp. 8 beautifully detailed figs. on 1 lithographic plate; upper outer corner water-stained. Original printed wrappers; dust-soiled, small holes in covers. Good. Important paper on two rare deformities of human skulls, the scaphocephalus and the trigonocephalus. In addition, the author discusses the relationship between weight and size of the brain to the individual’s intelligence, and comes to the conclusion that the heavier brain most often is the reason for outstanding intelligence. He does not exclude, however, the fact that often the size and weight in relation to intelligence are not as important as the qualitative development and structure of a given brain. Hermann Welcker taught anatomy at the University of Halle and was director of the Anatomical Institute of that city. He was the first to determine the total blood volume and the volume of normal red blood cells (see: Garrison and Morton 868). Hirsch, VI, pp. 231-232. 
Price: 445.00 USD
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6 [Teratology] BEATTIE, H. "A case of anencephalous monster."
In [London]: The Lancet..., Vol. II, No. XXV, (December 17, 1904). 
FIRST EDITION. 283 x 199 mm. 4to. 1712-1713. (Entire Vol.: 50 [ads], (1695)-1766, 51-100 [ads] pp.). 1 photographic illus. Self wraps; lacks covers, else very good. First Edition. 
Price: 25.00 USD
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7 [Two-Headed Monster] SERRES, Antoine Étienne Rénaud Augustin (1786-1868). “Recherches d’anatomie transcendante et pathologique. Théorie des formations et des déformations organiques, appliquée a l’anatomie de RITTA CHRISTINA, et de la duplicité monstureuse.” [Within]: Mémoires de L’Académie Royale des Sciences de L’Institut de France, Tome XI.
Paris: Firmin Didot Frères 1832 paperback 274 x 215 mm. 4to. Pages (583)-859. [ENTIRE VOLUME: viii, ccxxxi, [1 blank], 909, [3] pp.] 21 folding lithographic plates; plate 
Paris:: Firmin Didot Frères. 1832. paperback. 274 x 215 mm. 4to. Pages (583)-859. [ENTIRE VOLUME: viii, ccxxxi, [1. blank], 909, [3] pp.] 21 folding lithographic plates; plates water-. stained. Original printed wrappers. Very good.. FIRST EDITION. AN ANATOMICAL STUDY OF “RITA-CHRISTINA,” PERHAPS THE BEST- KNOWN OF THE TWO-HEADED MONSTERS (dicephalus dipus tetrabrachius). Born in Sardinia in March 1829, the incompletely separated female twins were brought to Paris for public exhibition, where they survived until the following November. “Autopsy revealed two hearts within a single pericardium, fused livers, duplication of the digestive organs down the distal ileum, and a double uterus.” Speert. Serres’s atlas also contains illustrations of other examples of incomplete twinning from Geoffroy Saint- Hilare, Duverney and others. Serres, outstanding French anatomist, physiologist, and embryologist, received the medical degree in Paris in 1810, working at the Hôtel Dieu from 1808 to 1822. In 1822 Serres was appointed chief medical officer at the Hôpital de la Pitié. In 1839 Serres became professor of comparative anatomy at the Jardin des Plantes and in 1840 president of the Académie des Sciences – DSB. Antoine Étienne Renaud Augustin Serres (1786–1868) French physician and embryologist, received his medical doctorate in Paris (1810), and subsequently worked both at the Hôtel-Dieu de Paris and the Hôpital de la Pitié. By 1839 he was teaching comparative anatomy at the Jardin des Plantes. Two years later, in 1841, “he became president of the French Academy of Sciences. Serres' scientific work was influenced by the theories of Lorenz Oken (1779–1851), Georges Cuvier (1769–1832), and especially Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772–1844). In the field of teratology, Serres explained the presence of malformations as cases of arrested development or over development. He had disagreements with Charles Darwin regarding the latter's evolutionary theories. Serres believed that humans were creatures set apart and a supreme goal of all creation.” – Wikipedia. De Rooy writes that Serres and Willem Vrolik (1801-1863), Dutch anatomist, pathologist and a pioneer in vertebrate teratology, “used teratology in an attempt to discover the origins of the life force.” p. 64, Laurens De Rooy, Forces of Form: The Vrolik Museum, (2009). Serres believed that humans were creatures set apart and a supreme goal of all creation. References: DSB, XII, pp. 315- 316; Laurens De Rooy, Forces of Form: The Vrolik Museum, (2009); Goldschmid, Entwicklung und bibliographie, p. 256; Hirsch, V, p. 371; Nissen, ZBI, 3812; Speert, Obstetrics & gynecology, 2nd ed., p. 399; Waller 8876. . 2 First Edition. 
Price: 1000.00 USD
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