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Scientific Instruments

Scientific Instruments

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Saggi di Naturali Esperienze …, Accademia del Cimento; Lorenzo MAGALOTTI (1637-1712).
1 Accademia del Cimento; Lorenzo MAGALOTTI (1637-1712). Saggi di Naturali Esperienze …
Florence: Gio: Filippo Cecchi, 1691. 
Large 4to. [xv], CCLXIX, [20] pp. Half-title, title printed in red & black, title vignette, 75 copper engraved plates, numerous woodcut initials and head & tailpieces, index; prominent waterstains to corners, lacks the portrait of Cosimo (some copies have the portrait, others do not). Later quarter vellum, marbled boards, black leather gilt-stamped spine label, vellum tips. Very good. Second edition, first printed in 1666/7. This marvelous work contains descriptions of experiments on air-pressure, freezing of water, an early account of Torricelli’s invention of the barometer, thermometer, electrical and magnetic experiments, measurements of the velocity of sound and light, and experiments on heat and cold. It contains many large, full-page engravings of experimental apparatus used to conduct these early experiments in natural physics. The engravings on pages iii, vi, viii and xiii show Torricelli’s thermometer with a column of liquid and capsules of various density liquids that will either float of sink, depending upon the surrounding temperature. Also known as a “termometro lento” (slow thermometer), this clever instrument is still marketed as a functioning curiosity today. ¶ As the mechanism of the atmosphere exerting continuous pressure on the surface of the earth was unknown at that time, the experiments using a barometer and bell jar (pp. xxiv-xxxi) seem rather naïve to us today. The members of the Academy couldn’t determine why the mercury in the column didn’t fall, once the barometer was ‘shielded’ from the surrounding atmosphere. What they failed to realize is that the air pressure inside the bell jar remained the same as the outside, since it had not been evacuated. Page lxxxxix depicts a curious experiment in which an organ pipe and a bellows to blow air through a pipe are encased in a vacuum chamber. The experiment demonstrated that when the chamber was evacuated, the pipe no longer made sound, even though the bellows were still forcing ‘air’ through the apparatus, therefore showing that air at normal pressure was a necessary component to produce sound. ¶ The Academy of Experiments was founded in Florence in 1657 and flourished for only ten years (1657-1667) and presents the first group effort at scientific investigation on the part of scientists including such original minds as Viviani, Borelli, Steno, Redi, Cassini and Torricelli. Its moving spirits were two of Galileo’s most distinguished disciples, Viviani and Torricelli. The necessary financial support came from the two Medicis, the Grand Duke Ferdinand II of Tuscany and his brother Leopold; both of them had studied under Galilei. More than a decade before the formal institution of the Academy, the two Medici brothers had started a laboratory, well equipped with such scientific apparatus as was then obtainable. – Wolf. ¶ “This collection contains papers describing experiments on light, sound and electricity. Amber rubbed in vacuo … magnetic attraction across a vacuum … magnetic screening … rubbed amber and gems … discharging action of flames … electrical attraction is mutual…” – Wheeler. ¶ Barchas-Stanford 1345 (1666/7 ed.); Boffito, ‘Gli strumenti della scienza’, pp. 133-134; Brunet, V-29; Catalogo Bibl. Mediceo-Lorenese, 569; Cinti 163; Dibner, Heralds of Science, 82; DSB, IX, p.3 [Magalotti]; Gamba, 853; Krivatsy/NLM p.25 (1666/7); Maylender, Michele, “Storia delle Accademie d’Italia,” (1926-30), II, pp. 7-16; Michel, V-76; Riccardi, II, 407; Wellcome III, p. 23; Wheeler 196 (1684 ed.); Wolf, The History of Science, Technology and Philosophy, I, p. 55. This edition not in Bakken (but has the 1684 translation). First Edition. 
Price: 1750.00 USD
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2 ACZEL, Amir D. The Riddle of the Compass; the invention that changed the world.
New York: Harcourt, (2001). 0151005060 / 9780151005062 
8vo. xvii, 178 pp. Illus., index. Quarter gilt-stamped maroon paper over yellow cloth, dust jacket. Burndy bookplate. Fine. ISBN: 0151005060 Dust jacket present. 
Price: 4.00 USD
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3 ALDER, Ken. The Measure of All Things; the seven-year odyssey and hidden error that transformed the world.
New York: The Free Press, (2002). 074321675X / 9780743216753 
8vo. x, 422 pp. Two-sided color portrait frontis., illus., bibliography, index. Quarter orange gilt-stamped over brown paper boards, dust jacket. Burndy bookplate. Fine. ISBN: 074321675x Dust jacket present. 
Price: 4.00 USD
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4 BANFIELD, Edwin. Barometers: Stick or cistern tube.
(Trowbridge: Baros Books, 1985). 0948382007 / 9780948382000 
8vo. vii, 246 pp. Illus., index. Gilt-stamped brick colored cloth, dust jacket. Fine. ISBN: 0948382007 Dust jacket present. 
Price: 50.00 USD
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5 BEDINI, Silvio A. Early American Scientific Instruments and Their Makers.
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Museum of History and Technology, 1964. 
8vo. xii, 184 pp. 85 figures, bibliography, index. Gilt-stamped rust cloth; spine sunned. Cartographic pastedowns and endpapers. Ownership signature. Very good. Cloth issue. 
Price: 20.00 USD
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6 BEDINI, Silvio A. Early American Scientific Instruments and Their Makers.
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1964. 
8vo. xii, 184 pp. Illus., index. Brick-red gilt-stamped cloth. Former ownership signature of Louis Kuslar; rubber-stamp of Robert N. Giaimo [Congressman, Connecticut]. Fine. 
Price: 35.00 USD
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7 BEDINI, Silvio A. Early American scientific instruments and their makers.
Washington: Museum of History and Technology- Smithsonian Institution, 1964. 
24 cm. xii, 184 pp. Frontis., illus., index. Beige printed wrappers; corner bumped, minor tears. Otherwise fine. Scarce. 
Price: 45.00 USD
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8 BEDINI, Silvio A. Patrons, artisans, and instruments of science, 1600-1750.
Aldershot, Hampshire, Great Britain ; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate/Variorum, (1999). 0860787818 / 9780860787815 
8vo. xiv, various pagination. Teal cloth, gilt-stamped cover and spine titles. Burndy bookplate. Fine. ISBN: 0860787818 
Price: 140.00 USD
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9 BEDINI, Silvio A. Thinkers and Tinkers; Early American Men of Science.
New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1975. 
8vo. 520 pp. Illus., index. Cloth, dust-jacket. Very good. 
Price: 18.00 USD
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10 BENNETT, J. A. A Decade of Accessions. Selected Instruments Acquired by the Whipple Museum of the History of Science Between 1980 and 1990.
Cambridge: Whipple Museum, 1992. 090627107X / 9780906271070 
4to. Not paginated. List of 125 instruments many with photos. Pictorial wrappers. FINE. Instruments include: slide rules, sectors, quadrants, sextants, levels, sounders, telescopes, air pumps, barometers, & microscopes. ISBN: 090627107x 
Price: 20.00 USD
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11 Biblioteca municipale A. Panizzi; Instituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza di Firenze. L’eredità scientific di Leopoldo Nobili: dibattito teorico e ruolo degli strumenti nella fisica del primo Ottocento.
Florence: Reggio Emilia; Instituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza di Firenze, 1984. 
8vo. 132 pp. Color illus. Printed wrappers. Very good +. Scarce. Published on the occasion of Nobili's bicentenary celebration. 
Price: 20.00 USD
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12 BOLLE, Bert. Barometers.
(Bodmin, Cornwall): Argus Books, (1984). 
8vo. 255 pp. 290 figs. Black cloth, gilt spine, dust-jacket. Fine. 
Price: 50.00 USD
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13 BOLLE, Bert. Barometers.
(Watford): Argus Books, (1982). 0852427107 / 9780852427101 
8vo. 255 pp. Illus., index. Gilt-stamped black cloth, dust jacket; corners bumped. Very good +. ISBN: 0852427107 Dust jacket present. 
Price: 30.00 USD
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14 BOOTH, Sherman F., compiler. Precision measurement and calibration. Selected papers on optics, metrology, and radiation....
Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1961. 
Series: National Bureau of Standards Handbook 77 - Volume III. 295 x 236 mm. 4to. vi, 1036 pp. Illus., bibliog., indexes. Gilt-stamped brown cloth; rubbed. Fine. 
Price: 85.00 USD
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15 BRAGG, Sir William Henry (1862-1942). An instrument for measuring small amplitudes of vibrations.
Offprint from: Journal of Scientific Instruments, Vol. VI, No. 6, June 6, 1929. 
283 x 205 mm. 4to. 2 pp. 2 figs. Self-wraps; edges dog-eared, rough at top with small tears. Good. 
Price: 50.00 USD
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16 CELLÉRIER, Gustave. Concours National de Compensation de Chronomètres pour les températures. Méthode de classement calcul des bulletins et étude numérique de l'erreur secondaire de compensation.
Geneva: L.-E. Provat, 1885. 
243 x 313 mm. 77 pp. 12 pls. Original printed wrappers; spine lightly worn. RARE. Subject: National Compensation for Temperatures applied to the Chronometer. Method of ranking calculation of bulletins and numerical study of the secondary error of compensation. 
Price: 150.00 USD
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17 COHEN, I. Bernard. Some Early Tools of American Science, an Account of the Early Scientific Instruments and Mineralogical Biological Collections in Harvard University.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950. 
8vo. xxi, 201 pp. Illustrated, appendices, references and notes, index. Gilt-stamped red textured cloth, dust jacket; rubbed, jacket edges frayed. Ownership signature in pencil. Very good. Dust jacket present. 
Price: 25.00 USD
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18 COHEN, I. Bernard. Some Early Tools of American Science; An account of the early scientific instruments and mineralogical and biological collections in Harvard University.
New York: Russell & Russell, 1967. 
Reissued. 8vo. xxi, 20 pp. Illus., index. Blue silver-stamped cloth. Fine. 
Price: 10.00 USD
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19 DANJON, André; André COUDER. Lunettes et Télescopes; theorie – Conditions d’emploi, description – Réglage, Histoire.
Paris: Éditions de la Revue d'optique théorique et instrumentale, 1935. 
8vo. xvi, 715 pp. 346 figures, 14 plates, errata. Original blue gilt-stamped cloth; joints reinforced, spine not smooth (wrinkled). Good. Scarce. First edition. Very important work on the telescope, lens, their theory and employment or description. First Edition. 
Price: 60.00 USD
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20 DAUMAS, Marice. Les Instruments Scientifiques aux XVIIe et XVIIIe Siècles.
Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1953. 
Series: Bibliothèque de Philosophie Contemporaine, Philosophie des Sciences. 8vo. 416 pp. Index, 63 plates. Printed wrappers; bottom edge rear cover faintly stained. Very good. 
Price: 120.00 USD
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