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Electromagnetism

Electromagnetism

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Electromagnetic theory., HEAVISIDE, Oliver (1850-1925).
1 HEAVISIDE, Oliver (1850-1925). Electromagnetic theory.
New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1893-[1899]. 1893 
Two volumes. 8vo. xxi, 466; xvi, 542 pp. Illus. with figures and diagrams, appendices. Original blind doubled and gilt-stamped plum cloth, all edges speckled; faded spine, chipped, inner hinges repaired with Japanese Kozo paper. Ex-library copy [Dominion Astronomical Observatory, Ottawa, Canada] as evidenced by stamps and glue remains on endpapers. Internally a clean set. Very good. Rare. FIRST EDITION, American issue. Heavside’s “Electrical papers”, quite controversial at first, were initially published in The Electrician. These volumes contain some papers originally printed 1891-93, but there are also many that appear here for the first time (based on the author’s method of dating on the contents page). “Even after the papers began appearing in The Electrician, understanding dawned slowly, for Heaviside’s genius led him to make free and original use of mathematical tools not appreciated by even the most sophisticated contemporary—they were sometimes decades ahead of their rigorous elaboration and application to practical problems.” – DSB. “His Electrical Papers were published in 2 vols. at London in 1892. His papers in Electrician were collected in 3 vols. entitled “Electromagnetic Theory” (London, 1893-1912; repr. 1922-1925).” This is the American issue of the Electromagnetic Theory. A new edition of Electromagnetic Theory (New York, 1950) contains a critical and historical introduction by Ernst Weber. The third volume was issued in 1912. Yavetz reported that a fourth volume was also found in manuscript, but never published. All original printings are rare on the market. In the pre-Einstein world of physics, Heaviside seemed represent electromagnetic theory “as the art of talking about things without knowing what they really are.” (Yavetz, p. 134). He viewed electromagnetism as a field that would be eventually reduced to “matter and motion.” He said, “We are set down in space, to march with time, and have matter in motion everywhere around us.” Oliver Heaviside (1850 – 1925), F.R.S., born in London, left school at 16, lacking a university education and started his career as a telegraph operator. He suffered from scarlet fever until he became partially deaf and thus could not continue in the field. He began to teach himself electrical engineering and eventually became a renowned mathematician and one of the world’s premiere authorities on electromagnetic theory. “Working alone, Heaviside developed much of the mathematics behind the theory of telegraphy and electric circuits, formulating the now familiar concepts of impedance, self-inductance and conductance and using complex numbers in the analysis of alternating current networks many years before others did so” [Cambridge University Press]. “He adapted complex numbers to the study of electrical circuits, invented mathematical techniques to the solution of differential equations (later found to be equivalent to Laplace transforms), reformulated Maxwell’s field equations in terms of electric and magnetic forces and energy flux, and independently co-formulated vector analysis. Although at odds with the scientific establishment for most of his life, Heaviside changed the face of mathematics and science for years to come” – [Wikipedia]. He was awarded the first Faraday Medal, a bronze medal established in 1922 to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the first Ordinary Meeting of the Society of Telegraph Engineers (now the Institution of Engineering and Technology). References: DSB, VI, pp. 211-212; see also: Rollo Appleyard, Pioneers of Electrical Communication, London, 1930; William Bulloch, Bulloch’s Roll; DNB, 1922-1930, pp. 412-414; DSB VI, pp. 211-212, Heaviside article by Charles Süsskind (UCB); Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940, edited by I. Grattan-Guinness, Roger Cooke, Leo Corry, Pierre Crépel and Niccolo Guicciardini, pp. 639-652; Nahin, Paul J., Oliver Heaviside. Sage in Solitude. The Life, Work, and Times of an Electrical Genius of the Victorian Age, 1987, 1988; Yavetz, Ido, From Obscurity to Enigma: The Work of Oliver Heaviside, 1872-1889. The Work of Oliver Heaviside, 1872-1891 (Science Networks. Historical Studies). Birkhäuser Verlag, 1995. First Edition. 
Price: 750.00 USD
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2 HELMHOLTZ, Hermann von (1821-1894). Über die Erhaltung der Kraft.
Leipzig & Berlin: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1902. 1902 
Series: Ostwald’s Klassiker der exakten Wissenschaften, No. 1. 6th thousand. Sm. 8vo. 60 pp. Original black-printed gray stiff boards. Fine copy. On the Conservation of Force was first issued in 1847. Drawing on the earlier work of Sadi Carnot, Émile Clapeyron and James Prescott Joule, he postulated a relationship between mechanics, heat, light, electricity and magnetism by treating them all as manifestations of a single force (energy in modern terms). He published his theories in his book Über die Erhaltung der Kraft. Julius Robert von Mayer also discovered of the law of conservation of energy, close to the time of Helmholtz, thus creating a controversy. 
Price: 30.00 USD
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3 HERTZ, Heinrich Rudolf (1857-1894). "Ueber sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen." with: "Nachtrag zu der Abhandlung über sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen." with: "Ueber einen Einfluss des ultravioletten Lichtes auf die electrische Entladung."
In: Annalen der Physik, Neue Folge, Band XXXI, 1887. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1887. 1887 
8vo. Pages 421-448; 543-544; 983-1000. [Entire volume: viii, 1048 pp.] Figs. 23-29 on plate III; figs. 8-11 on plate VII. Quarter cloth, cloth corners, marbled boards, gilt spine; spine ends frayed, corners bumped. Ex library ms. paper spine label, rubber stamps. Very good. FIRST EDITION. HERTZ WAS THE FIRST TO DEMONSTRATE EXPERIMENTALLY THAT ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES RADIATE IN SPACE AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT, just as Maxwell had predicted in his Treatise on electricity and magnetism. Hertz determined that electromagnetic waves were longer than light waves and showed that they were in complete correspondence with the waves of light and heat in the transverse nature of their vibration and their susceptibility to reflection, refraction, and polarization. "This discovery and its demonstration led directly to radio communication, television and radar." - Dibner. Barchas Collection 982; Dibner, Heralds of science, rev. ed., 71; DSB, VI, pp. 340-350; Haskell Norman Library 1060; Honeyman Sale 1667; Magie, Source book in physics, p. 549; Printing and the Mind of Man 377 (n); Sparrow, Milestones of Science 101n. First Edition. 
Price: 1200.00 USD
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4 HOPKINSON, John. Original Papers by the Late John Hopkinson. Edited with a memoir by B. Hopkinson. Vol. I: Technical Papers. Vol. II: Scientific Papers.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1901. 
2 volumes. 8vo. lxvi, 294; vii, 393 pp. Frontispiece, figures. Original double-ruled maroon cloth, gilt-stamped spines; corners and spine ends faintly rubbed. Half-title and f.f.e.p. rubber stamps, Dominion Observatory Ottawa Library bookplates. Very good +. Of the many names associated with the development of electrical engineering during the last quarter of the nineteenth century, John Hopkinson claims a position of undisputed and honoured pre-eminence (Philosophical Magazine). Hopkinsons application of Maxwells electromagnetic theories to the analysis of residual charge and displacement in electrostatic capacity led to his selection as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1877.In addition to having been elected fellow of the Royal Society at twenty-nine, he was twice president of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. At forty-nine, Hopkinson, with three of his children, was killed in a mountain climbing accident in the Alps (DSB, Vol. VI, p. 504). Original Papers.... Philosophical Magazine. 1902: p. 357. 
Price: 175.00 USD
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5 LORENZ, Ludwig Valentin (1829-1891). "Ueber die Identität der Schwingungen des Lichts mit den elektrischen Strömen."
In: Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Funfte Reihe, Elfter Band Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1867. 1867 
8vo. Pages 243-263. [Entire volume: x, 660 pp.] Quarter brown cloth, marbled boards, gilt spine. Ex library ms. spine number, blind-stamp of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Mount Wilson Observatory. Very good. FIRST EDITION of a paper that originally appeared in the Oversigt over det K. Danske Vidensh. Selsk. Forhandlung, No. 1, 1867. "Most impressive of all Lorenz' achievements in optics is his electromagnetic theory of light, developed in a relatively unknown paper of 1867, two years after Maxwell's famous paper on the same subject. At that time Lorenz did not know Maxwell's theory, and his own approach was quite different. Lorenz' electromagnetic theory of light can be described briefly as an interpretation of the light vector as the current density vector in a medium obeying Ohm's law. This paper contains the fundamental equations for the vector potential and the scalar potential For - for the first time - the corresponding retarded potentials expressed in terms of the current density vector and the electrical charge density. The concept of retarded potentials had already been introduced in an earlier paper by Lorenz in connection with research on the theory of elasticity. He found that the differential equation for the current density vector was the same as his fundamental wave equation for the light vector, completed with a term which explains the absorption of light in conducting media, and that his theory led to the correct value for the velocity of light." - DSB. DSB, VIII, pp. 501-502. First Edition. 
Price: 750.00 USD
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6 MACDONALD, Hector Munro (1865-1935). Electromagnetism.
London: G. Bell and Sons, Ltd., 1934. Signed
8vo. xv, 178 pp. Erratum slip, index. Blue gilt-stamped cloth. INSCRIBED From the author. Very good +. 
Price: 125.00 USD
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7 SLATER, John C. & Nathaniel H. FRANK. Electromagnetism.
New York & London: McGraw-Hill, 1947. 1947 
International Series in Pure and Applied Physics. 234 x 158 mm. 8vo. xiii, 240 pp. 40 figs., index. Green cloth. Ownership signature. Fine. FIRST EDITION. This is the second of several volumes intended to replace the Introduction to theoretical physics by the same authors by separating the material on mechanics, electromagnetism, and the quantum theory for fuller treatment. John C. Slater was one of Richard Feynman's instructors. First Edition. 
Price: 75.00 USD
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8 WIEDEMANN, Gustav Heinrich (1826-1899). Die Lehre von Galvanismus und Elektromagnetismus. Erste Abtheilung: Elektrodynamik, Elektromagnetismus, Magnetismus aller Krper. Zwite Abtheilung: Induction, Schlussbetrachtungen, Nachtrge.
Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1863. 
2 vols. 8vo. ix, [1], 617, [1]; [iv], [619-621], 622-1183, [1] pp. 395 figures, 1 folding color plate (facing p. 876), bibliography, index. Early black half calf over marbled boards; worn, hinges cracked (holding at cords). Cancelled bookplates of Dr. Atkinson, Royal Military College, title-page rubber stamps of Finbury Technical College. Good. Early edition of Wiedemanns treatise on galvanism and electromagnetism, complete in two volumes. The Electrician states that the first edition appeared in two volumes in 1863, followed in 1871 by a second edition in three volumes, and in 1885 a third edition enlarged to five volumes, and with the altered title, Die Lehre der Elektricitt (Obituary. Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann, p. 800). However, at least one volume was first published in 1861, and Nichols cryptically puts the date of the first from 1860-1863: Wiedemann is best known, perhaps, as the author of the compendious treatise on electricity which first appeared in two volumes under the title Die Lehre von Galvanismus (Brunswick, 1860 to 1863) It was subsequently rewritten and greatly enlarged as the growth of the subject of electricity demanded and was re-issued under a new name (Die Lehre von der Elektricitt), in 1882. Still another edition, further revised and largely rewritten with the coperation of the authors son, Professor E. Wiedemann of Erlangen, was in progress, and two volumes had appeared, at the time of the fathers death (Nichols, p. 57). Wiedemann is perhaps best remembered as author of his great work, Die Lehre von der Elektricitt, a treatise that is encyclopedic in character, containing everything of importance on the subject of electricity, the use of electricity in the arts alone being expected (In Memoriam. Dr. Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann, p. 286). PROVENANCE: Edmund Atkinson (1831-1900) was a lecturer on chemistry and physics first at Cheltenham College and later at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, before becoming Professor of Experimental Science at Staff College. He was elected a fellow of the Chemical Society in 1859, and was one of the founders of the Physical Society. Dr. Atkinsons services to science by the translation of numerous French and German works, among which we may specially mention Ganots Physics, Helmholtzs Popular Lectures, Duboiss Magnetic Circuit, and Mascart and Jouberts Electricity and Magnetism, are well-known. For many years, too, he contributed to the Philosophical Magazine periodical reports on chemical papers published in France and Germany. Of late years, however, these have been superseded by the much fuller and more systematic Abstracts published by the Chemical Society (Obituary Notices. Edmund Atkinson, pp. 887-889). Catalogue of the Wheeler Gift of Books, Pamphlets and Periodicals in the Library of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, no. 1537; In Memoriam. Dr. Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann, Pharmaceutical Review, Vol. XVII, Milwaukee: Pharmaceutical Review, 1899, p. 296; Nichols, Edward Leamington, Physical Review, Vol. IX, New York: Published for Cornell University by the Macmillan Company, 1899; Obituary. Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann, The Electrician, Vol. XLII, London: Printed and Published for the Proprietors by George Tucker, 1899, 799-800 pp.; Obituary Notices. Edmund Atkinson, Journal of the Chemical Society, Vol. LXXIX, London, 1901, pp. 888-889. First Edition. 
Price: 225.00 USD
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